Because of the well-established relationship between building acoustics in offices, schools and medical care facilities and the health and wellbeing of the occupants, most building standards, guidelines and certification systems have at least minimum or prerequisite acoustics requirements. Some also have additional requirements for enhanced or optimized acoustic environments.
Key topics include controlling indoor noise and reverberation with high-performing, sound absorbing surfaces, isolating enclosed rooms from adjacent areas with robust walls and floor slabs and ensuring that background sound is not too loud or too quiet. In European countries, complying with these acoustic requirements is typically federally legislated while in North American countries, compliance is mostly voluntary. Greater understanding about how the acoustics requirements in these standards can materialize inside actual buildings can be gained from looking at specific examples of an office building, school and medical care facility.