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Fire Performance

Protecting people from the spread of fire.

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Fire resistant ceiling products protect what matters most – people

Our fire-resistant stone wool ceiling materials can delay the spread of fire and provide the vital extra minutes needed to limit property damage and help people reach safety.

Every second counts once a fire has started.

With fires developing five to 10 times faster today than in the 1950s, the safety of building occupants and first-responders depends overwhelmingly on how the building performs during a fire. Importantly, this includes the release of thick toxic smoke, which kills more people than the fire does1.

Our stone wool products will not develop toxic smoke. The core material is non-combustible. It does not contribute to the development and spread of fire, even when directly exposed to flames.

Given stone wool’s volcanic origins, it can withstand extreme temperatures up to 2150 degrees Fahrenheit (1177 Celsius). All of these beneficial qualities of stonewool contribute to adding the critical moments needed to find safety in the event of a fire.

Class A Fire Rating Ceiling Tile

Many commercial applications require a Flame Spread Index of 25 or less and a Smoke Developed Index of 50 or less. Products that fulfill these requirements are labeled with a Fire Hazard Classification 25/50 (FHC 25/50) or a “Class A” rating. The Class A rating is designated for products per ASTM E1264Standard Classification for Acoustical Ceiling Products.”

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UL fire-rated suspended ceiling assemblies and systems

Rigorous testing also has resulted in multiple UL listed fire-rated ceiling suspension systems. These, along with Class A flame and smoke ratings, provide options to meet or exceed building code requirements and provide additional fire resistance. UL fire-rated ceiling assemblies may be required by building code. Multiple listings are available for suspended ceiling applications.

We rigorously test our fire-rated products to ensure they meet or exceed code requirements.

Demonstrating fire resistance, acoustic ceiling panels and tiles are required to be tested for surface burning characteristics. The North American standard is Underwriters Laboratories (UL) 723/ASTM E84, “Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials.”

Testing requires 24 feet of material to be exposed to a flame ignition source in a Steiner Tunnel Test to determine how far the fire will spread during 10 minutes, and how much smoke is developed during this period.

The test was developed by Al Steiner of UL and has been incorporated as a reference into North American standards for materials testing. The progress of the flame front across the test material is measured by visual observation, while the smoke emitted is measured as a factor of optical density.

A Flame Spread Index and a Smoke Developed Index are calculated from these results. Both use an arbitrary scale base on an asbestos-cement board having a value of 0, and red oak wood having a value of 100. Our stone wool ceiling products can be specified to meet the most stringent requirements with a maximum Flame Spread Index of 0 and a maximum Smoke Developed Index of 5.

Sources

UL, Analysis of Changing Residential Fire Dynamics and Its Implications on Firefighter Operational Timeframes, http://newscience.ul.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Analysis_of_Changing_Residential_Fire_Dynamics_and_Its_Implications_on_Firefighter_Operational_Timeframes.pdf

Fires today develop 5-10 times faster than they did in the 1950s.

Stephen Kerber

Director of the UL Firefighter Safety Research Institute

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